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We found 20 results for Craniofacial and Pediatric Plastic Surgery in video

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Cranioplasty for Sagittal Craniosynostosis
video

Cranioplasty with barrel stave osteotomies to treat sagittal suture craniosynostosis.

Endoscopic assisted sagittal strip craniectomy with barrel stave osteotomies in sphinx position
video

Contributors: Rongsheng Cai and Roop Gill. Endoscopic assisted sagittal strip craniectomy with barrel stave osteotomies to treat sagittal suture craniosynostosis.

Immediate post natal myelomeningocele defect closure using rhomboid fasciocutaneous flaps
video

Myelomeningocele is the most common form of neural tube defect, developing after the 4th week of gestation. Although diagnosed prenatally, many patients did not have a chance to be treated before birth. The best approach in these situation is to perform surgical treatment at time zero. A multidisciplinary team must be prepared to perform dural repair and soft tissue coverage. This video illustrates our approach for soft tissue reconstruction using rhomboid fasciocutaneous flaps with maximal preservation of perforator vessels. Contributors Dov Charles Goldenberg, MD Phd, Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School Vania Kharmandayan, MD, Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School Tatiana Moura, MD, MSc, Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School

Surgical Treatment of Nasal Tip Hemangioma Using Open Rhinoplasty Approach
video

Hemangiomas are the most common benign tumors of the infancy and its location on the nasal tip poses particularly as a challenge. A recent study published by out group defined an algorithm for surgical approach to hemangiomas. Nasal tip hemangiomas carry a high risk for growth related deformities and is a usual indication for surgery. The best approach must warrant a result at least similar or even better to spontaneous involution. In this video we present a case where an open rhinoplasty approach was designed to remove the tumor, reposition the anatomic structures and reduce visible scars. Contributors Dov Charles Goldenberg, MD Phd, Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School Vania Kharmandayan, MD, Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School

Resection and modified purse-string closure of frontal hemangioma
video

Infantile hemangiomas occurring in the face may represent a real problem to a child. Clinical significance is ultimately determined by the degree of tissue deformation. Large dimensions; specific locations; and the presence of complications such as ulceration, bleeding, or infection indicate active treatment to minimize morbidity. The combination of clinical features and response to pharmacologic treatment are the main standpoints indicating surgery during the active phases of infantile hemangiomas. The concept of minimal possible scar is relevant, and the use of purse-string sutures, initially proposed by Mulliken et al., promotes a real reduction in the final scar dimensions. In this video surgical resection of a frontal hemangioma illustrates a modified purse string suture, to reduce the dimensions of a linear scar. Contributors Dov Charles Goldenberg, MD Phd, Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School Vania Kharmandayan, MD, Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School

Le Fort I Osteotomy with placement of Distractor
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Our patient is a 20 year old boy with severe maxillary hypoplasia with a history of bilateral cleft lip and palate. We performed a maxillary advancement with distraction osteogenesis. Nikhil Kamath, BS Aaron Smith, MD Michael S. Golinko, MD Kumar Patel, PA-C

Revision Facial Bipartition Osteotomy
video

Revision Facial Bipartition Osteotomy in 14y/o Female. Contributors: Aaron Smith, MD; Kumar Patel, PA; Ashley Bartels, BS; Rongsheng Cai, MD; Roop Gill, MD

Superiorly Based Pharyngeal Flap for Velopharyngeal Dysfunction
video

Velopharyngeal dysfunction (VPD) refers to the improper control of airflow through the nasopharynx. The term VPD denotes the clinical finding of incomplete velopharyngeal closure. Other terms used to describe VPD include velopharyngeal insufficiency, inadequacy and incompetence. However, the use of VPD has gained popularity over these terms as they may be used to infer a specific etiology of impaired velopharyngeal closure.1 Control of airflow through the nasopharynx is dependent on the simultaneous elevation of the soft palate and constriction of the lateral and posterior pharyngeal walls. Disruptions of this mechanism caused by structural, muscular or neurologic pathology of the palate or pharyngeal walls can result in VPD. VPD can result in a hypernasal voice with compensatory misarticulations, nasal emissions and aberrant facial movements during speech.2 The assessment of velopharyngeal function is best preformed by a multispecialty team evaluation including speech-language pathologists, prosthodontists, otolaryngologists and plastic surgeons. The initial diagnosis of VPD is typically made with voice and resonance evaluation conducted by a speech-language pathologist. To better characterize the patient’s VPD, video nasopharyngeal endoscopy or speech videofluoroscopy can be used to visualize the velopharyngeal mechanism during speech. VPD may first be managed with speech-language therapy and removable prostheses. For those who are good surgical candidates and do not fully respond to speech-language therapy, surgical intervention may be pursued. Surgical management of VPD is most commonly accomplished by pharyngeal flap procedures or sphincter pharyngoplasty. In this video, a superiorly based pharyngeal flap with a uvular mucosal lining flap was preformed for VPD in a five-year-old patient with 22q11 Deletion Syndrome and aberrantly medial internal carotid arteries.

Temporal (Gillies) Approach to a Zygomatic Arch Fracture
video

This video documents the steps typically followed during open reduction of isolated, depressed zygomatic arch fractures.  The patient's hair was shaven for clarity and for proper marking of key anatomic landmarks. Such landmarks are shown and discussed in sequence with the key surgical steps.

Marcus Couey, DDS, MD; Eric Reimer, DDS; Andrew Bhagyam, DDS; Phillip Freeman, DDS, MD; Jose M Marchena, DMD, MD


The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Dentistry, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

Custom PMMA implant and DBX Cranioplasty for large cranial calavarial defects
video

Following a post-traumatic head injury from a gun shot wound in a seven year old African American female, a 3D CT was performed to assess for correction of a large cranial calavarial defect using a custom PMMA implant. A trilaminar Cranioplasty was planned using an absorbable plate underlay, demineralized bone graft in between and an onlay of absorbable plate. A post-operative CT was obtained showing the implant in a good position.

Neonatal Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis with Multivector External Devices
video

Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is a craniofacial malformation characterized by micrognathia and glossoptosis, with or without cleft palate. A subset of infants with PRS will suffer from airway obstruction severe enough to merit surgical intervention. Surgeries for PRS include tongue lip adhesion, tracheotomy, gastrostomy, and bilateral mandibular distraction osteogenesis. Distraction osteogenesis refers to a process in which a bone is lengthened after an initial osteotomy by means of separating the two resulting segments slowly over time. In the neonatal mandible, hardware used for distraction may be implanted beneath the skin or affixed externally. Each device has its advantages and disadvantages, however external devices are less expensive, do not typically require preoperative computed tomography scanning, may be adjusted easily throughout the distraction process, and are easily removed following consolidation, avoiding a second invasive procedure and lengthy anesthetic. This video presents the technique of neonatal mandibular distraction osteogenesis using multivector external distractors.

Grade 1 Microtia Repair Using Autologous Auricular Cartilage Transfer
video

The goal of auricular reconstruction is to achieve a natural appearance of the reconstructed side with a form that resembles the normal ear and endures over a lifetime. For severe deformities in which major cartilaginous elements are missing, established reconstructive techniques using alloplastic constructs wrapped in temporoparietal fascia or carved costal cartilage grafts may be employed. For cases of minor deformity in which all named cartilaginous components are present, albeit deficient compared to the normal side, transfer of autologous auricular skin and cartilage may be used to achieve symmetry between normal and abnormal ears. This video presents the surgical technique and results of a grade 1 microtia reconstruction using autologous auricular cartilage transfer. This two-stage method of reconstruction avoids the use of autologous rib or alloplastic materials and often avoids the use of skin grafting altogether.

Retroseptal Transconjunctival Approach to Orbital Floor Blowout Fracture
video

The transconjunctival approach was first described by Bourquet in 1924 and then modified by Tessier in 1973 for exposure of the orbital floor and maxilla for the treatment of facial trauma. This approach can be carried out either in a preseptal plane by separating the orbital septum from within the eyelid (preseptal approach) or posterior to the septum and eyelid (retroseptal approach) by making an incision through the bulbar conjunctiva directly above the orbital rim. The main advantage of the retroseptal approach is that it does not involve dissection and disruption of the eyelid itself, therefore, reducing the incidence of post-operative lid laxity and position abnormalities. This video will show a retroseptal approach to an orbital floor blowout fracture. A lateral inferior cantholysis is performed to facilitate eversion and retraction of the lower eyelid.

Bilateral Subcranial Le Fort III Osteotomies with Midface Distraction – A Surgical Review
video

In this video, we showcase the bilateral subcranial Le Fort III osteotomies with midface distraction using Kawamoto distractors. The surgery was performed in a 4-year-old boy with Crouzon Syndrome to correct his severe proptosis, increase the nasopharyngeal airway space and improve his severe negative overjet. Internal distractors were chosen to achieve maximum correction at this age. The patient undergoing surgery had no intraoperative or postoperative complications. A full separation of his facial bones was achieved. The patient had an uneventful recovery period, and there was a significant improvement in his proptosis and malocclusion. Santiago Gonzalez, BS, BA (1); Michael Golinko, MD, MS (2) 1. University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences – College of Medicine 4301 W. Markham, #550 Little Rock, AR 72205 2. Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Department of Plastic Surgery 2900 Children’s Way, 9th Floor Doctor’s Office Tower Nashville TN 37232

Primary Repair of Unilateral Complete Cleft Lip and Nose Deformities
video

The following video demonstrates the author's method for repairing wide unilateral complete cleft lip and cleft nasal deformities. Details of surgical markings as well as nuances of technique are demonstrated. Video documentation of immediate results as well as progress of healing over the following year are included.

Lip Pit Excision
video

This video shows a pediatric patient with Van der Woude syndrome. He has lip pits that are classic for this syndrome and his family desired surgical correction. This video outlines and shows the steps of the modified simple excision technique as well as discussing tips for a successful surgery.

Cranioplasty for Metopic Craniosynostosis
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This video demonstrates an open anterior cranial vault reconstruction for metopic craniosynostosis on a 5-month-old female.

Tongue Reduction (Partial Glossectomy) for Pediatric Macroglossia
video

This video demonstrates how to perform a tongue reduction using a Y-V advancement technique for pediatric macroglossia.

Pre-operative marking for the Fisher technique in unilateral cleft lip repair
video

This video outlines the steps taken for pre-operative markings that need to be made prior to performing unilateral cleft lip repair using the Fisher anatomic subunit approximation technique. The technique has been written about in detail by Dr. David Fisher in his article "Unilateral Cleft Lip Repair: An Anatomical Subunit Approximation Technique". This video simply outlines the markings that are made prior to performing this technique, which are crucial for correctly carrying out the repair.

Treatment of mild eyelid ptosis with conjunctivo-mullerectomy
video

Mild eyelid ptosis with good elevator function can be treated with minimally invasive procedures. When Muller's muscle contraction corrects the deficiency (evaluated by phenilefrine test) conjunctivo-mullerectomy is the procedure of choice. This video presents the surgical steps to perform conjunctivo-mullerectomy. Contributors Dov Charles Goldenberg, MD Phd, Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School Vania Kharmandayan, MD, Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School

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