The surgical management of rectovaginal fistulas remains difficult, as they tend to be recurrent and vary widely in location and complexity. We present a case of a 63-year-old woman with a low-lying rectovaginal fistula who initially underwent chemoradiation and a Low Anterior Resection for a low-lying rectal cancer. Her course was uneventful until two years post-operatively, at which time her anastomotic staple line became stenotic with associated bleeding. This was initially addressed by Gastroenterology who executed a dilation and achieved hemostasis with Argon Plasma Coagulation. This remedied the stenosis, however, it was complicated by the formation of a rectovaginal fistula. Due to the low-lying location and its presence in an irradiated field, a transvaginal approach with an interposed gracilis flap was elected for repair.
A 47-year-old male, with a history of multiple cholelithiasis and multiple choledochal lithiasis, who presented with multiple episodes of cholangitis for which endoscopic treatment (ERCP + stenting) was performed. After 4 unsuccessful attempts to resolve the bile duct by endoscopic approach, it was decided to perform minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery.
In this video we can observe the Choledochotomy, followed by extraction of stones and biliary mud. Subsequently, a choledochoscopy is performed with the laparoscopic camera (10 mm) with infusion of sterile Physiological Solution since the patient had a very dilated bile duct. Choledochorrhaphy is then performed.
Contributors: Melissa Beitner and Christine Ren-Fielding
This video shows the one-stage conversion of an adjustable gastric band to a sleeve gastrectomy.
Critical elements of the technique for Laparoscopic Pancreatic anastamosis for MIS Whipple procedure are demonstrated.
This shows a 2 layered duct to mucosa anastamosis.
Rectal cancer with local invasion presents a particular operative challenge. The standard procedure for locally advanced rectal cancer is a total pelvic exenteration (TPE), which is a highly morbid procedure. For select patients, the literature has demonstrated that bladder-sparing techniques involving en bloc resection of the prostate are safe and oncologically acceptable.1 Additionally, case studies have demonstrated the success of combined approaches using laparoscopic techniques.2,3 However, little has been published concerning the combined robotic-assisted approach of an abdominoperineal resection (APR) and en bloc prostatectomy with vesicourethral anastomosis. Robotic assistance offers several advantages for pelvic surgery, including better visualization using 3D technology and wristed instruments. Furthermore, research has shown the advantages of robotic surgery for rectal cancer resections.4,5
Our video presents a case of T4N0M0 rectal cancer, 1 cm from the dentate line, in a 63 year old male with invasion anteriorly into the prostate. After completing chemotherapy and radiation, a combined approach with a colorectal surgeon and a urologist was done using the daVinci Xi robot (Intuitive Surgical Inc, Sunnyvale, CA). The important steps of the procedure are demonstrated in the attached video. Pathology revealed a 5 cm mucinous adenocarcinoma with treatment effect and negative margins. The patient did well post-operatively with no complications. He was discharged on post-operative day 5.
Robotic-assisted procedures offer the advantage of precision and visualization for pelvic operations. For locally invasive rectal cancer, robotic surgery allows the opportunity to create novel techniques for select patients in order to reduce the number of TPEs.
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