From the APSA 2016 Annual Meeting proceedings
ENDOSCOPIC MANAGEMENT OF A DUODENAL WEB
Lauren Wood, BS1, Zach Kastenberg, MD2, Tiffany Sinclair, MD2, Stephanie Chao, MD2,
James Wall, MD2.
1Stanford School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA, 2Lucile Packard Childrenâ€™s Hospital
Stanford, Palo Alto, CA, USA.
Surgical intervention for duodenal atresia most commonly entails duodenoduodenostomy in the neonatal period. Occasionally, type I duodenal atresia with incomplete obstruction may go undiagnosed until later in life. Endoscopic approach to dividing intestinal webs has been reported in rare select cases.
A two-year old female with a history of trisomy 21 and tetralogy of Fallot underwent laparoscopic and endoscopic exploration of intestinal obstruction as visualized on upper gastrointestinal series for symptoms of recurrent emesis and weight loss.
After laparoscopy confirmed a duodenal web as the cause of intestinal obstruction, endoscopic division of the membrane was carried out with a triangle tip electrocautery knife followed by dilation with a 15 mm balloon.
The procedure took 210 minutes and the patient tolerated it well. Post-op Upper GI showed rapid passage of contents without leak and a diet was started. The patient was discharged on post-operative day 2 without narcotics. The patient had gained 2 pounds at 4 week follow-up and remains asymptomatic six months after the procedure.
Endoscopic management of a duodenal web is feasible in children. Pediatric surgeons are ideally suited to offer the hybrid approach including laparoscopy to confirm no extraluminal obstructive process or complication from endoscopy. Endoscopy enables minimal recovery time and should be embraced as another tool in the minimally invasive
toolbox of pediatric surgeons.
This video demonstrates how to place the pelvic binder quickly and correctly, which may be life-saving in cases of pelvic ring fractures with associated potential massive bleeding. Proper pelvic binder placement technique requires attention to some details, including the 5Ps (pulses, penis, pockets, pain and pulses), horizontal force application in opposing vectors and ensuring the pelvic binder is locked.
The site for the first T-fastener is selected. The location should be a reasonable distance from the G tube site (2-3cm if possible). The needle (with T fastener inside) is placed through the skin under fluoro and directed to the gastric wall. As the needle pushes on the wall the indentation will be seen on fluoro if the c-arm is RAO 20-30 degrees. The needle is then advanced into the lumen of the stomach with a short controlled burst of pressure. Once the tip is in the lumen contrast is dripped through the needle under fluoro. The contrast should normally be seen to drip to the stomach wall and the rugal folds will be appreciated.
In this video, we present a case of levator palpebrae resection in an 8-year-old patient with right eye ptosis.
In the pre-op photo, significant ptosis of the right eye can be appreciated. An incision was planned along the lid crease. 0.1 ml of 1: 100,000 epinephrine was injected. An incision was made by electro-cautery along the lid through the skin and orbicularis. Westcott scissors were used to further dissect horizontally. The septum was identified and opened. The preaponeurotic fat was identified and lifted, and the levator aponeurosis was identified. The levator was then tagged with two 6.0 Vicryle sutures, and isolated from surrounding tissues. Next, three6-0 Mersilene sutures were run from the upper tarsus to the levator. They are tightened with releasable notes. The lid elevation and contour were evaluated and adjustments were made until contour and height were equal and appropriate. The temporary surgical knots were transitioned into permanent surgical knots. Approximately 14 mm of excess levator was then excised. Next, three lid crease formation sutures were placed using 6-0 Vicryl. These were attached to the subcu-skin and levator to recreate the upper eyelid crease. Skin closure was performed with 6-0 fast-absorbing gut sutures. In this one-week post-op photo, the ptosis of his right eye was improved.
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This video highlights a pulmonary valve replacement in a patient with Tetralogy of Fallot.
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