Robotic Inferior Mesenteric Artery, Common Iliac Artery, and Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection

David Schwartzberg MD, Tushar Samdani MD, FASCRS, Mario M. Leitao MD, FACOG, FACS, Garrett M. Nash MD, MPH, FACS, FASCRS

Recent data has shown an improved survival with metastasectomy for metastatic rectal cancer. Metastasectomy on a minimally invasive plateform (robotic) can be used for an R0 resection in patients who have retroperitoneal metastasis from rectal cancer after control of the primary tumor.


Per Oral Endoscopic Myotomy (POEM) for Zenker’s Diverticulum

In contrast to major thoracic operations, per oral endoscopic myotomy for Zenker’s diverticulum offers the possiblity to resect a symptomatic Zenker’s under monitored anesthesia care (MAC) for patients to ill to undergo general anesthesia. Patients have similar functional results when compared to small Zenker’s treated with traditional operative approaches.


Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy

Laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) was first described by Gagner et al. in the early 1990s, and has since become the gold standard for removal of small and medium sized adrenal tumors.

Most commonly, LA is performed for unilateral benign adrenal lesions, however the minimally invasive technique is also routinely used for bilateral disease, as well as myelolipomas, adrenal cysts, adrenal hemorrhage and androgen-secreting tumors.  Compared with the open approach, LA offers shorter hospital stay, improved patient satisfaction, decrease post-operative pain and markedly improved cosmesis.  Even more, the difficulty in obtaining adequate open surgical exposure, combined with the diminutive size of the adrenal gland make laparoscopy an especially attractive option. Given this, we decided to proceed with LA approach for our patient who presented with NSCLC metastasis to his right adrenal.


Mellon MJ, Sethi A, Sundaram CP. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy: Surgical techniques. Indian Journal of Urology : IJU : Journal of the Urological Society of India. 2008;24(4):583-589. doi:10.4103/0970-1591.44277.

Gagner M, Lacroix A, Bolte E. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy in Cushing’s syndrome and pheochromocytoma. N Engl J Med. 1992;327:1033.

Gastric Sleeve Obstruction From Adjustable Gastric Band Capsule

The field of metabolic and bariatric surgery has recently switched from laparoscopic gastric banding (LGB) to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) as the procedure of choice for weight loss surgery. As LGB has been replaced with LSG many patients who had complications with LGB or failed to loose a satisfactory amount of weight with LGB have had a conversation from their band to a sleeve gastrectomy.

Meticulous dissection takes place when removing a band, as the fibrotic scar capsule that surrounds the band must be resected in its entirety to avoid staple firings across fibrotic tissue rather than healthy gastric tissue. In addition to ensuring a healthy staple line by resecting the fibrotic capsule, we present a case where the band capsule was thought to be removed however was incompletely dissected and caused a postoperative strictured proximal stomach with complete PO intolerance. For this reason, we routinely perform intra-operative endoscopy to ensure the lumen of the stomach is patent prior to staple firing to complete the sleeve gastrectomy in band to sleeve patients.


Combined Modality: Laparoscopic Assisted Colonoscopic Polypectomy

Laparoscopic assisted colonoscopic polypectomy aids in the safe excision of otherwise unresectable polyps with colonoscopy alone due to unfavorable locations or polyp charicteristics. A combined procedure allows for laparoscopy to assist in polypectomy by providing traction on the luminal wall, the ability to recognize a full thickness perforation and perform a segmental resection without delay and to spare the patient from multiple exposures to anesthesia.


Laparoscopic Ligation of a Type II Endoleak from the Inferior Mesenteric Artery

Contributors: Gregory Westin and Paresh Shah

Endovascular stent grafting (EVAR) is now the preferred approach to repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms for many patients. One of the most common complications associated with EVAR is the development of an endoleak, or continued flow of blood into the aneurysm sac outside the graft. Type II endoleaks, those due to retrograde flow through a branch vessel such as the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) or a lumbar artery, are the most common. Options for treatment include transarterial embolization, translumbar embolization, and laparoscopic ligation. Embolization techniques require reintervention in approximately 20%, with less than half free from aneurysm sac growth at five years, though current evidence is insufficient to determine a clear threshold for intervention or optimal technique.[1,2]


Laparoscopic Right Hemicolectomy with Isoperistaltic Intracorporeal Anastomosis

Authors: David Schwartzberg, Noah Cohen, Jordan Schwartzberg, Paresh C. Shah

Oncologic outcomes of laparoscopic and open colectomy have been demonstrated to be equivalent, with similar three-year disease-free survival and overall survival rates for any stage. Compared to patients who undergo open colectomy, patients who undergo laparoscopic colectomy benefit from a shorter median length of hospital stay and decreased post-operative use of pain medication. Intraoperative and post-operative complications are similar between open and laparoscopic colectomy.
A Comparison of Laparoscopically Assisted and Open Colectomy for Colon Cancer. The Clinical Outcomes of Surgical Therapy Study Group. N Engl J Med 2004;350:2050-9

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