Ultrasound-Guided Pudendal Nerve Block for Intra and Postoperative Pain Management in Pediatric Penoscrotal Surgery

In this video, a bilateral ultrasound-guided pudendal nerve block is demonstrated on a 15-month-old healthy child undergoing circumcision and penoscrotal fusion repair. After the induction of general anesthesia, a nerve block time-out is conducted. Subsequently, the patient is positioned in the frog-leg stance by an assistant, and the perineum is cleaned using chlorhexidine. Using a high-frequency linear ultrasound probe, the ischiorectal fossa is identified between the ischial tuberosity and the anus at the 3 and 9 o’clock positions relative to the anus. A 22-gauge, 50-millimeter-long Pajunk needle is then inserted using an out-of-plane technique, advanced 1-2 cm deep and medial to the ischial tuberosity, until a subtle change in resistance or “pop” is felt, confirming the correct placement below the sacrospinous ligament. The local anesthetic (0.3 to 0.5 mL/kg of 0.2% Ropivacaine or 0.25% Bupivacaine on each side) is then incrementally injected, observed as spreading medially and beneath the ischial tuberosity. The block is then repeated on the other side. Our patient tolerated the procedure well and did not require any opioids intraoperatively, postoperatively in the post-anesthesia care unit, or at home following discharge.

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