Robotic Assisted Redo Rectopexy and Low Anterior Resection

Contributors: Craig Rezac, MD

Low anterior resection and rectopexy is the optimal treatment for well functioning patients with rectal prolapse. Reoperations for rectal prolapse may be challenging due to significant adhesions. Use of the robot for low anterior resection and rectopexy is safe, feasible and may be more useful than laparoscopy especially in challenging cases.


Low Anterior Resection for Diverticulitis

Contributors: Craig Rezac, MD

Treatment for recurrent or complicated diverticulitis is surgical resection. Minimally invasive techniques are associated with decreased length of stay and decreased post operative pain. However, laparoscopic low anterior resection is challenging especially in the narrow pelvis. Robotic surgery may overcome these obstacles and allow more surgery for divertiuclitis to be performed minimally invasively.

These surgeons always do a LAR for diverticulitis because they transect on the proximal rectum. They take down the lateral stalks in order to mobilize the rectum and get the eea stapler through the rectum easier.

Bilateral ureteral stents are routinely placed to better identify the ureters. This is especially important in cases of chronic/active diverticulitis or diverticulitis that has been complicated by abscess or fistula. This is the preference of the surgeon.


da Vinci Robot Assisted Right Hemicolectomy with Intracorporeal Anastamosis

Contributors: Jimmy Lin and Craig Rezac

This procedure is a da Vinci Robot assisted Right hemicolectomy with intracorporeal anastomosis performed on a 52 year-old male who was found to have a cecal adenocarcinoma on screening colonoscopy. Metastatic work-up was negative.


Editor Recruited by: Vincent Obias

da Vinci Robot Assisted Low Anterior Resection with Diverting Loop Ileostomy

Contributors: Jimmy Lin and Craig Rezac

This procedure is a da Vinci Xi Robot assisted low anterior resection with diverting loop ileostomy performed on a 64 year old male patient who on work-up of hematochezia and change in bowel habits was found to have a locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma approximately 5-6cm from the anal verge. The patient was found to have a single subcentimeter metastatic liver lesion, which was treated with radiofrequency ablation. He was treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation prior to undergoing surgery.


Editor Recruited By: Vincent Obias, MD, MS

Hybrid Laparoscopic and Robotic Pancreaticoduodenectomy

Contributors: Sricharan Chalikonda and R. Matthew Walsh

Two separate general approaches are described to perform minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD): pure laparoscopic and robotic. The technique shown is a hybrid utilizing laparoscopy for the resection and surgical robot for the reconstruction. We feel that this technique combines the advantages of both laparoscopic and robotic surgery.

Robotic Sigmoid Resection and Intracorporeal Anastomosis

This is a 60 yo woman with diverticulitis not responsive to medical management. Open, laparoscopic, and robotic operative options were discussed.  We agreed on robotic sigmoid resection in the Enhanced Recovery Pathway. This video demonstrates an intracorporeal colorectal anastomosis between the descending colon and upper rectum. Sigmoid colectomies are typically characterized by by specimen extraction through an open incision after minimally invasive mobilization of the colon and mesentery, placement of an anvil into the descending colon through this open incision, and then laparoscopic or robotic colorectal anastomosis with a circular stapler after re-establishing pneumoperitoneum. This intracorporeal anastomosis does not require stretching colon and mesentery to an open extraction site with the possible need for extending the open incision. There is less visceral manipulation and potentially less ileus and quicker return to gastrointestinal activity. The extraction site can be anywhere the surgeon chooses and the extraction incision size is limited only by the sixe of the pathology.


Recruited By: Vincent Obias

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