Laparoscopic Coledocoscopy

A 47-year-old male, with a history of multiple cholelithiasis and multiple choledochal lithiasis, who presented with multiple episodes of cholangitis for which endoscopic treatment (ERCP + stenting) was performed. After 4 unsuccessful attempts to resolve the bile duct by endoscopic approach, it was decided to perform minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery. 

In this video we can observe the Choledochotomy, followed by extraction of stones and biliary mud. Subsequently, a choledochoscopy is performed with the laparoscopic camera (10 mm) with infusion of sterile Physiological Solution since the patient had a very dilated bile duct. Choledochorrhaphy is then performed.

Rectovaginal Fistula Repair with a Vascularized Gracilis Muscle Interposition Flap

The surgical management of rectovaginal fistulas remains difficult, as they tend to be recurrent and vary widely in location and complexity. We present a case of a 63-year-old woman with a low-lying rectovaginal fistula who initially underwent chemoradiation and a Low Anterior Resection for a low-lying rectal cancer. Her course was uneventful until two years post-operatively, at which time her anastomotic staple line became stenotic with associated bleeding. This was initially addressed by Gastroenterology who executed a dilation and achieved hemostasis with Argon Plasma Coagulation. This remedied the stenosis, however, it was complicated by the formation of a rectovaginal fistula. Due to the low-lying location and its presence in an irradiated field, a transvaginal approach with an interposed gracilis flap was elected for repair.

How to Correctly Place the Pelvic Binder – A Life-Saving Technique

This video demonstrates how to place the pelvic binder quickly and correctly, which may be life-saving in cases of pelvic ring fractures with associated potential massive bleeding. Proper pelvic binder placement technique requires attention to some details, including the 5Ps (pulses, penis, pockets, pain and pulses), horizontal force application in opposing vectors and ensuring the pelvic binder is locked.

Donghang Huang’s procedure for thyroidectomy

Donghang Huang’s procedure, also termed as direct-access single-port endoscopy assisted mini-incision thyroidectomy, is a hybrid surgery conducted in the following 3 major steps:

1.A mini-incision of approximately 2.5-3 cm long on the central neck is made. A working space under the platysmal muscle or strap muscles for single-port endoscopic surgery is constructed with carbon dioxide insufflation (performed under direct vision).

2.Mobilization of the superior and inferior pole of the thyroid lobe, and exposure of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (performed under single-port endoscopy).

3.Extraction and resection of the thyroid lobe. (performed under direct vision).

Donghang Huang’s procedure can provide shorter incision and better cosmetic results while maintaining adequate exposure.

Pediatric Tracheostomy

Paediatric Tracheostomy

Position the child with chin extension appropriately
Drape the child as shown in the video
Mark the incision line
Use 15 number blade for skin incision
Remove the excessive subcutaneous fat tissue
Find the median raphe and strap muscles
Retract the strap muscles laterally
Identify the tracheal ring
Create the impression of tube for appropriate size incision
Place the stay sutures as shown in the video
incise the trachea with 11 number blade
Secure the maturation sutures
Insert the tracheostomy tube
Confirm the position and then inflate the cuff
Secure the ties and dressing at the end.

Stapler-assisted Loop Ileostomy Stoma Prolapse Repair

Stoma prolapse is an increase in the size of the stoma secondary to intussusception of the proximal bowel segment. Strangulation and ischemia of the prolapsed segment have been reported as complications.

This is the case of a 58-year-old man with multiple comorbidities who was diagnosed with an adenocarcinoma of the ascending colon with hepatic metastasis. He was considered unable to start conversion chemotherapy because of his cardiovascular comorbidities and was therefore under paliative chemotherapy.

Patient came into emergency room with an acute bowel obstruction and underwent a loop ileostomy as a diversion procedure. Following up the procedure, the patient developed an acute on chronic kidney failure because of dehydration from high output ileostomy. In the postoperative day 17, patient presented with an acutely incarcerated prolapsed afferent limb of the loop ileostomy. Attempts at reduction were unsuccessful.

Herein we present a simple, safe, and fast approach for correcting a prolapsed loop or terminal stoma using a step-wise application of linear staplers.

When laparotomy and/or stoma reversal is not appropriate, local revision of stoma prolapse provides a low-risk and high-benefit alternative solution.

A Novel Technique for Reconstruction of Right and Left Hepatic Arteries in Pancreaticoduodenectomy

A 55yo lady undergoing open pancreaticoduodenectomy for duodenal adenocarcinoma was intra-operatively found to have macroscopic tumour involvement of the proper hepatic artery and its bifurcation. The diseased segment was resected and a novel technique for reconstruction was performed- the remnant common hepatic artery was anastomosed to the remnant right hepatic artery, and the left gastric to the remnant left hepatic artery. Doppler ultrasound confirmed  patency of all anastomoses prior to closure. Synthetic function of the liver and bilirubin recovered to appropriate levels postoperatively, and the patient was planned for adjuvant chemotherapy.

Robotic Inferior Mesenteric Artery, Common Iliac Artery, and Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection

David Schwartzberg MD, Tushar Samdani MD, FASCRS, Mario M. Leitao MD, FACOG, FACS, Garrett M. Nash MD, MPH, FACS, FASCRS

Recent data has shown an improved survival with metastasectomy for metastatic rectal cancer. Metastasectomy on a minimally invasive plateform (robotic) can be used for an R0 resection in patients who have retroperitoneal metastasis from rectal cancer after control of the primary tumor.

DOI # http://dx.doi.org/10.17797/wd7d09sjgc

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