Contributors: Michael Golinko (MD) and Kumar Patel (PA)
A six-year-old male with history of skull trauma acquired in an ATV accident underwent emergency craniotomy three years ago. He now presents with bone resorption, frontal bossing, scalloped bone, and a widened scar in the middle of his forehead from the previous surgery.
Cranioplasty with Scar Revision
- Cranioplasty: After compound fracture of the skull; After decompressive craniotomy/craniectomy for hemorrhages, stroke, edema, or trauma
- Scar Revision: To improve the aesthetic appearance of a scar and/or restore function of skin
Infection, Hydrocephalus, Brain Swelling
General anesthesia, mark area of excision for scar and cranial repair, inject with local anesthetic with epinephrine before cleaning site with betadine. Place patient in the supine position.
History and physical, CBC, Coagulation profile, CT, standardized photographs, Anesthesia ASA categorization